(based on North American Nature Photography Association,

  1. Promote the well-being of the habitat, bird and photographer.
  2. Every habitat and bird is unique, and cumulative impacts occur over time.
  3. Promote good stewardship of the resource.


  1. Learn patterns of animal behaviour: know when not to interfere with animals' life cycles.
  2. Respect the routine needs of animals: remember that others will attempt to photograph them, too.
  3. Use appropriate lenses to photograph wild animals: if an animal shows stress, move back and use a longer lens.
  4. Acquaint yourself with the fragility of the ecosystem: stay on trails that are intended to lessen impact.


  1. Inform managers or other authorities of your presence and purpose: help to minimize cumulative impacts and maintain safety.
  2. Learn the rules and laws of the location: if minimum distances exist for approaching wildlife, follow them.
  3. In the absence of management authority, use good judgement: treat the wildlife, plants and places as if you were their guest.
  4. Prepare yourself and your equipment for unexpected events: avoid exposing yourself and others to preventable mishaps.


  1. Treat others courteously: ask before joining others already shooting in an area.
  2. Tactfully inform others if you observe them engaging in inappropriate or harmful behaviour: many people unknowingly endanger themselves and animals.
  3. Report inappropriate behaviour to proper authorities: don't argue with those who don't care; report them.
  4. Be a good role model, both as a photographer and a citizen: educate others by your actions; enhance their understanding.