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Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Area in Romania

  1. The largest wetland in Europe covering 5800 km2!
  2. Entirely declared as Biosphere Reserve in the „Man and biosphere” category because is a home of rich mix of Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Turkish, Greek, Armenian... people in the small villages of the delta.
  3. A vast 1700 km2 reedbed, the biggest such area in the world!
  4. More than 340 bird species observed and a real migration hotspot with an immense number of birds!
  5. The last stronghold of many waterbirds in Europe!
  6. One of the most important breeding areas for Dalmatian Pelicans in Europe with around 100 pairs.
  7. Biggest White Pelican breeding colony in Europe with around 2500 pairs.
  8. One of the best places to see Pallas`s Gull in Europe, which is present all year round in the Delta and had already started breeding in 2008. Other gulls include Slender-billed and Caspian.
  9. Home to about 60% of the World’s Pygmy Cormorant population with over 3000 breeding pairs.
  10. The most important European breeding populations of Ferruginous Duck, Red-crested Pochard, Red-necked Grebe, Glossy Ibis, Spoonbill, Squacco Heron and Whiskered Tern.
  11. One of the most important migration routes and stopover sites along the western coast of the Black Sea for thousands of birds from northern Europe and western Asia!
  12. Regular passage of scarce birds like Demosaille Crane, Borad-billed Sandpiper, Marsh Sandpiper and Terek Sandpiper
  13. Breeding colonial birds include Collared Pratincole, Caspian, Gull-billed, Sandwich and Little Tern.
  14. Some sought-after warblers are abundant breeders (Marsh, Savi’s, Great Reed, Paddyfield)

Habitat diversity:
The world`s third most biologically diverse area. A living museum of biodiversity, with 30 types of ecosystems (23 natural and 7 created by man) where 1839 flora and 3590 fauna species can be found!

Bird specialities and best watching period
Bird specialities Best watching period
Bewick`s Swan Mid-November to late February
Red-breasted Goose November to end of March
Ruddy Shelduck April to October
Red-creasted Pochard Early April to December
Ferruginous Duck Early March to September
Smew November, December
White-headed Duck Irregular in November, December
Red-necked Grebe Mid-March to September
Yelkouan Shearwater Irregular in spring/summer
White Pelican Early April to September
Dalmatian Pelican all year round, best in December
Pygmy Cormorant all year round
Little Bittern Late April to early September
White-tailed Eagle all year round
Greater Spotted Eagle First half of September and wintering birds between December-March
Pallid Harrier April, May and September
Lesser Kestrel Early May to September
Red-footed Falcon Late April to mid-September
Demoiselle Crane Irregular, best period in late April, early May
Little Crake Mid-August, September
Stone Curlew Mid-April to end of October
Collared Pratincole Mid-April to mid-September
Eurasian Dotterel September
Broad-billed Sandpiper May, August, first half of September
Marsh Sandpiper April, late August, early September
Great Snipe Mid-May and late August
Red-necked Phalarope Early May, second half of August to mid-September
Arctic Skua May, September
Slender-billed Gull May, September
Mediterranean Gull all year round
Pallas`s Gull all year round
Little Tern April, May, September
Sandwich Tern April to September
Gull-billed Tern May to September
Caspian Tern May, late August, September
White-winged Tern May, September
Grey-headed Woodpecker all year round
Black Woodpecker all year round
Syrian Woodpecker all year round
Calandra Lark May to December
Red-throated Pipit Second half of April, first part of May
Citrine Wagtail Second half of April, first part of May
Thrush Nightingale May
Moustached Warbler April, May
Paddyfield Warbler late April to September
Red-breasted Flycatcher September
Spanish Sparrow April to July
Snow Bunting Irregular best from December to February

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